Inhibitor of cytochrome c messenger RNA-protein interaction in stimulated rat skeletal muscle
The purpose of this work was to examine the possible mechanisms for the regulation of cytochrome c gene expression in response to increased contractile activity in rat skeletal muscle. The working hypothesis was that increased contractile activity enhances cytochrome c gene expression through a cis-element. A 110% increase in cytochrome c mRNA concentration was observed in tibialis anterior (TA) muscle after 9 days of chronic stimulation. Similar difference (120%) exists between soleus (SO) muscle of higher contractile activity and white vastus lateralis (WV) muscle of lower contractile activity. These results suggest that the endogenous cytochrome c gene expression is regulated by contractile activity. Cytochrome c-reporter genes were injected into skeletal muscles to identify the cis-element that is responsible for the regulation. Although the data was inconclusive, part of it suggested the importance of the 3$\sp\prime$-untranslated region (3$\sp\prime$-UTR) in mediating the response to increased contractile activity. RNA gel mobility shift (GMSA) and ultraviolet (UV) cross-linking assays revealed specific RNA-protein interaction in a 50-nucleotide region of the 3$\sp\prime$-UTR in unstimulated TA muscle. Computer analysis predicted a stem-loop structure of 17 nucleotides, which provides a structural basis for RNA-protein interaction. These 17 nucleotides are 100% conserved among rat, mouse and human cytochrome c genes and their 13 pseudogenes, suggesting a functional role for this region. The RNA-protein interaction was significantly less in highly active SO muscle than in inactive WV muscle and was dramatically decreased in stimulated TA muscle due to a protein inhibitor(s) associated with ribosome. It is possible that cytochrome c mRNAs undergoing translation are subject to a compartmentalized regulatory influence. The conclusion from these results is that increases in contractile activity induce or activate a protein inhibitor(s) associated with ribosome in rat skeletal muscle. The inhibitor decreases RNA-protein interaction in the 3$\sp\prime$-UTR of cytochrome c mRNA, which may result in increased mRNA stability and/or translation.
Anatomy & physiology|Animals|Cellular biology|Molecular biology
Yan, Zhen, "Inhibitor of cytochrome c messenger RNA-protein interaction in stimulated rat skeletal muscle" (1995). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9532533.