Analysis of differential gene expression in nontumorigenic glioblastoma multiforme

Azra Hadi, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Loss of chromosome 10 represents the most common cytogenetic abnormality in high grade gliomas (glioblastoma multiforme). To identify genes involved in the malignant progression of human gliomas, a subtractive hybridization was performed between a tumorigenic glioblastoma cell line (LG11) and a nontumorgenic hybrid cell (LG11.3) containing an introduced chromosome 10. LG11 mRNA was subtracted from LG11.3 cDNA to produce cDNA probes enriched for sequences whose expression differs quantitatively from the parental tumorigenic cells. Both known and novel sequences were identified as a result of the subtraction. Northern blot analysis was then used to confirm differential expression of several subtracted clones. One novel clone, clone 17, identified a 2.6 kb message that showed a consistent two to four fold increase in expression in the LG11.3 nontumorigenic cells. Clone 17 (340 bp) was used successfully to screen for a near full-length version, RIG (regulated in glioma), which was 2,569 bp in size. The RIG cDNA sequence showed homology to clone 17 and to an anonymous EST (IB666), but to no previously identified genes. This screening effort also identified several independent clones representing novel sequences, most of which failed to show increased expression in the nontumorigenic GBM cells. Tissue distribution studies of RIG indicated highest levels of expression in human brain with appreciably lower levels in heart and lung. In vitro transcription and translation experiments demonstrated the ability of RIG to direct the synthesis of a 13 kD protein product. However, open reading frame analysis revealed no identify with previously described motifs or any known proteins. Using a combination of somatic cell hybrid panels and in situ hybridization, the RIG gene was mapped to chromosome 11p14-11p15. Further study of RIG and related gene products may provide insight into the negative regulation of glial oncogenesis.

Subject Area

Molecular biology

Recommended Citation

Hadi, Azra, "Analysis of differential gene expression in nontumorigenic glioblastoma multiforme" (1995). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9535037.