Mitotic mapping of a novel tumor suppressor locus on human chromosome 3q important in osteosarcoma tumorigenesis
Tumor-specific loss of constitutional heterozygosity by deletion, mitotic recombination or nondisjunction is a common mechanism for tumor suppressor allele inactivation. When loss of heterozygosity is the result of mitotic recombination, or a segmental deletion event, only a portion of the chromosome is lost. This information can be used to map the location of new tumor suppressor genes. In osteosarcoma, the highest frequencies of loss of heterozygosity have been reported for chromosomes 3q, 13q, 17p. On chromosomes 13q and 17p, allelic losses are associated with loss of function at the retinoblastoma susceptibility locus (RB1) and the p53 locus, respectively. Chromosome 3q is also of particular interest because the high percent of loss of heterozygosity (62%-75%) suggests the presence of another tumor suppressor important for osteosarcoma tumorigenesis. To localize this putative tumor suppressor gene, we used polymorphic markers on chromosome 3q to find the smallest common region of allele loss. This putative tumor suppressor was localized to a 700 kb region on chromosome 3q26.2 between the polymorphic loci D3S1282 and D3S1246.
Kruzelock, Russell Paul, "Mitotic mapping of a novel tumor suppressor locus on human chromosome 3q important in osteosarcoma tumorigenesis" (1995). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9600769.