Investigation of the deregulation of interleukin-6 in two non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cell lines
Increased serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a poor prognostic factor for patients with lymphoma. This may be related to the fact that IL-6 has been shown to be an autocrine and paracrine growth factor for lymphoma cells. We have investigated the regulation of IL-6 in two lymphoma cell lines which produce IL-6 as an autocrine growth factor. The cell lines, LY3 and LY12, were established from two patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. One patient had diffuse large cell lymphoma (LY3), whereas the other had small noncleaved cell lymphoma (LY12). There was no rearrangement or amplification of the IL-6 gene, but we detected IL-1 alpha and TNF production in addition to IL-6. We investigated the effect of inhibitors of IL-1 and TNF on IL-6 production in LY3 and LY12. Our results show that IL-6 production is mainly secondary to endogenous IL-1 production in LY3 cells, however LY12 cells produce IL-6 via a different mechanism since neither anti-IL-1 nor anti-TNF significantly inhibited IL-6 production. Transfection of LY12 cells with wildtype and mutant IL-6 promoter-chloramphenicol acetyl transferase constructs, showed increased activity of a trans-acting factor that binds to the NF-kB motif. Therefore, we determined whether there were abnormalities in members of the NF-kB family of transcription factors, such as p65, p50, p52/lyt-10 or rel, which bind to kB motifs. We found increased expression of the p52/lyt-10 transcription factor and activation of the NF-kB pathway in LY12. However, expression of p50, p65 and rel was not increased in LY12 cells. Future investigations could be aimed at determining the effect of inhibitors of NF-kB on IL-6 production.
Street, Marlene Grace A, "Investigation of the deregulation of interleukin-6 in two non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cell lines" (1995). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9617063.