Cyclin D1 mediates epithelial proliferation and linksras activation to the cell cycle
The studies presented in this thesis focus on two aspects of the involvement of cyclin D1 in epithelial proliferation. Since cyclin D1 has been identified as a target for genetic alterations and deregulation in a variety of human cancers, we studied cyclin D1 expression in two experimental models of epithelial carcinogenesis. These studies provided evidence that cyclin D1 was a potential target of the activating mutation of the Ha-ras gene characteristic of the experimental protocol. In addition, evidence from two independent in vitro models suggested that cyclin D1 was indeed part of the primary cellular response to activated ras, and at least partly responsible for the increase in proliferation observed in ras-transformed cells. Cyclin D1 has also been described as a key regulator of the passage through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Cyclin D1 is induced in response to mitogens in a variety of cell lines, and cells engineered to overexpress cyclin D1 show accelerated G1 transit. In order to study the involvement of cyclin D1 in epithelial cell growth and differentiation, we generated transgenic mice that constitutively overexpress cyclin D1 in stratified epithelia. These mice developed thymic hyperplasia and skin hyperproliferation, providing in vivo evidence of the potential of cyclin D1 to regulate growth of epithelial cells.
Robles, Ana Ines, "Cyclin D1 mediates epithelial proliferation and linksras activation to the cell cycle" (1996). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9626096.