Studies on the adhesion properties of the liver-metastatic murine RAW117 large-cell lymphoma cells: Roles of beta(3) integrin

Zhong Yun, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Metastasis is the major cause of death in cancer patients. Since many cancers show organ-preference of metastasis, elucidation of the underlying mechanisms of metastasis will benefit diagnosis or treatment of metastatic diseases. Adhesion mechanisms are thought to be involved in organ-preference of metastasis, because metastatic cells show organ preference in adhering to organ-derived microvascular endothelial cells. The adhesion molecules in this process remain largely unidentified. I have examined a series of murine RAW117 large-cell lymphoma cells variants selected in vivo for liver-colonizing properties ($\rm{H10{>>}L17>P}$). The highly liver-metastatic H10 cells were found to differentially express much higher levels of integrin $\alpha\rm\sb{v}\beta\sb3$ than L17 or P cells. H10 cells also adhered at higher rates to vitronectin and fibronectin than to fibrinogen, fibrin, laminin and type I collagen, and adhered at significantly higher rates to (GRGDS)$\sb4$ than to monomeric RGD-peptides. In contrast, P and L17 cells did not adhere well to the above substrates. H10 cells also spread well on vitronectin and migrated toward vitronectin concentration gradients. Pretreament of H10 cells with anti-$\beta\sb3$ monoclonal antibodies resulted in significant decreases in adhesion of H10 cells to vitronectin and immobilized (GRGDS)$\sb4$, and reduced the formation of experimental liver metastases in syngeneic Balb/c mice. Adhesion of RAW117 cells under hydrodynamic shear stresses was also studied because tumor cell adhesion occurs under fluid shear stresses in target organ microvessels. Similar to their properties found with static adhesion assays, H10 cells stabilized their hydrodynamic adhesion to vitronectin, fibronectin and (GRGDS)$\sb4$ much more quickly than P or L17 cells. Unlike their static adhesion properties, RAW117 cells showed differential adhesion stabilization to liver-sinusoidal endothelial cell-derived extracellular matrix ($\rm{H10{>>}L17>P}$). Although not supporting static adhesion of RAW117 cells, monomeric RGD-peptides mediated adhesion stabilization of H10 cells but not L17 or P cells. Integrin $\rm\alpha\sb{v}\beta\sb3$ was found to be involved in stabilizing H10 cell adhesion to vitronectin, (GRGDS)$\sb4$, monomeric RGD-peptide R1, and liver sinusoidal endothelial cell-derived extracellular matrix. This study is the first to provide evidence that integrin $\rm\alpha\sb{v}\beta\sb3$ is differentially expressed in liver-metastatic lymphoma cells and involved in differential adhesion of these cells. The results indicate that strong static adhesion and especially the unique hydrodynamic adhesion of RAW117 cells to the RGD-containing substrates correlate with liver-metastatic potentials. Thus, integrin $\rm\alpha\sb{v}\beta\sb3$ may play an important role in liver-preferential metastasis of RAW117 large-cell lymphoma cells.

Subject Area

Cellular biology|Biochemistry|Biophysics|Oncology

Recommended Citation

Yun, Zhong, "Studies on the adhesion properties of the liver-metastatic murine RAW117 large-cell lymphoma cells: Roles of beta(3) integrin" (1996). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9626102.