Identification, purification, sequencing and characterization of human lung fibroblast motility-stimulating factor for human soft tissue sarcoma cells
Paracrine motogenic factors, including motility cytokines and extracellular matrix molecules secreted by normal cells, can stimulate metastatic cell invasion. For extracellular matrix molecules, both the intact molecules and the degradative products may exhibit these activities, which in some cases are not shared by the intact molecules. We found that human peritumoral and lung fibroblasts secrete motility-stimulating activity for several recently established human sarcoma cell strains. The motility of lung metastasis-derived human SYN-1 sarcoma cells was preferentially stimulated by human lung and peritumoral fibroblast motility-stimulating factors (FMSFs). FMSFs were nondialyzable, susceptible to trypsin, and sensitive to dithiothreitol. Cycloheximide inhibited accumulation of FMSF activity in conditioned medium; however, addition of cycloheximide to the migration assay did not significantly affect motility-stimulating activity. Purified hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF), rabbit anti-hHGF, and RT-PCR analysis of peritumoral and lung fibroblast HGF/SF mRNA expression indicated that FMSF activity was unrelated to HGF/SF. Partial purification of FMSF by gel exclusion chromatography revealed several peaks of activity, suggesting multiple FMSF molecules or complexes. We purified the fibroblast motility-stimulating factor from human lung fibroblast-conditioned medium to apparent homogeneity by sequential heparin affinity chromatography and DEAE anion exchange chromatography. Lysylendopeptidase C digestion of FMSF and sequencing of peptides purified by reverse phase HPLC after digestion identified it as an N-terminal fragment of human fibronectin. Purified FMSF stimulated predominantly chemotaxis but chemokinesis as well of SYN-1 sarcoma cells and was chemotactic for a variety of human sarcoma cells, including fibrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, liposarcoma, synovial sarcoma and neurofibrosarcoma cells. The motility-stimulating activity present in HLF-CM was completely eliminated by either neutralization or immunodepletion with a rabbit anti-human-fibronectin antibody, thus further confirming that the fibronectin fragment was the FMSF responsible for the motility stimulation of human soft tissue sarcoma cells. Since human soft tissue sarcomas have a distinctive hematogenous metastatic pattern (predominantly lung), FMSF may play a role in this process.
Pathology|Molecular biology|Cellular biology|Oncology
Hu, Mei, "Identification, purification, sequencing and characterization of human lung fibroblast motility-stimulating factor for human soft tissue sarcoma cells" (1996). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9700315.