Human TNF receptor p75/80 gene structure and promoter characterization

Sybil Marie Santee, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Tumor necrosis factor receptor p75/80 ((TNF-R p75/80) is a 75 kDa type 1 transmembrane protein expressed predominately on cells of hematopoietic lineage. TNF-R p75/80 belongs to the TNF receptor superfamily characterized by cysteine-rich extracellular regions composed of three to six disulfide-linked domains. In the present report, we have characterized, for the first time, the complete gene structure for human TNF-R p75/80 which spans approximately 43 kbp. The gene consists of 10 exons (ranging from 34 bp to 2.5 kbp) and 9 introns (343 bp to 19 kbp). Consensus elements for transcription factors involved in T cell development and activation were noted in the 5$\sp\prime$ flanking region including TCF-1, Ikaros, AP-1, CK-2, IL-6RE, ISRE, GAS, NF-$\kappa$B and SP1, as well as an unusually high GC content and CpG frequency that appears characteristic of some TNF-R family members. The unusual (GATA)$\sb{\rm n}$ and (GAA)(GGA) repeats found within intron 1 may prove useful for further genome analysis within the 1p36 chromosomal locus. The human TNF-R p75/80 gene structure will permit further assessment of its involvement in normal hematopoietic cell development and function, autoimmune disease, and non-random translocations in hematopoietic malignancies. The region 1.8 kb 5$\sp\prime$ of the ATG was able to drive luciferase expression when transfected into cell lines expressing TNF-R p75/80. Further characterization of the 5$\sp\prime$-regulatory region will aid in determining factors and signal transduction pathways involved in regulating TNF-R p75/80 expression.

Subject Area

Immunology|Molecular biology|Oncology

Recommended Citation

Santee, Sybil Marie, "Human TNF receptor p75/80 gene structure and promoter characterization" (1996). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9700317.