Thermo-modulation of MuSVts110 splicing by inhibitory RNA sequences
Viral systems have contributed tremendously to the understanding of eukaryotic molecular biology. The proportional pattern of retroviral RNA expression offers many clues into the alternative splicing of cellular transcripts. The MuSVts110 virus presents an unusual expression system, where the mechanistic combination of RNA splicing and cellular transformation can be physiologically manipulated. Splicing of MuSVts110 pre-mRNA occurs inefficiently (30%-50%) at 33$\sp\circ$C or below and is subdued at 39$\sp\circ$C ($<$5%). Like most alternatively spliced cellular and retroviral transcripts, the MuSVts110 pre-mRNA contains cis-acting intron and exon sequences that attenuate splicing. These include a splicing inhibitory sequence at the 3$\prime$ end of the MuSVts110 v-mos exon, called the E2 Distal Element (E2DE), and a sub-optimal 3$\prime$ splice site. The E2DE directly inhibits MuSVts110 RNA splicing in a sequence-specific fashion at 39$\sp\circ$C but not at 28$\sp\circ$C, potentially through the association of cellular factors. Inefficient MuSVts110 splicing is pre-dominantly attributed to the utilization of multiple weak branchpoint sequences located between $-113$ and $-34$ nucleotides upstream of the 3$\prime$ splice site. The molecular control of MuSVts110 splicing, represented primarily by scattered multiple inefficient branchpoint sequences that are conditionally modulated by the E2DE at higher growth temperatures, is discussed.
D'Souza, Ian A, "Thermo-modulation of MuSVts110 splicing by inhibitory RNA sequences" (1996). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9700319.