Regulation ofv-Mos kinase activity by phosphorylation

Yandan Yang, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


In this thesis, I investigated the effect of cylic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) on v-Mos kinase activity. Increase in PKA activity in vivo brought about either by forskolin treatment or by overexpression of the PKA catalytic subunit resulted in a significant inhibition of v-Mos kinase activity. The purified PKA catalytic subunit was able to phosphorylate recombinant p37$\rm\sp{v-mos}$ in vitro, suggesting that the mechanism of in vivo inhibition of v-Mos kinase involves direct phosphorylation by PKA. Ser-263 was identified as a residue that is normally phosphorylated at a very low level but whose phosphorylation is dramatically increased upon forskolin treatment. Consistent with the inhibitory role of Ser-263 phosphorylation, the Ala-263 mutant of v-Mos was not inhibited by forskolin treatment. Based on our results, we propose that the known inhibitory role of PKA in the initiation of oocyte maturation could be explained at least in part by its inhibition of Mos kinase. Combining tryptic phosphopeptide two-dimensional mapping analysis and in vitro mutagenesis studies, I identified Ser-56 as the major in vivo phosphorylation site on v-Mos. I studied the interrelationship between Ser-34 and Ser-56 phosphorylation in regulating v-Mos function. After site-directed mutagenesis to substitute serine residues with alanine or glutamic acid in different combinations to mimick unphosphorylated and phosphorylated serines respectively, various v-Mos mutants were expressed in COS-1 cells. As expected, Ala-34 mutant of v-Mos had very low (less 5% of wild type) kinase activity. The Ala-56 mutant had kinase activity 50% that of wild type. Surprisingly, the Ala-34 Ala-56 double mutant and the Ala-56 mutant exhibited identical kinase activity. On the other hand, Ala-34 Glu-56 double mutant had reduced kinase activity comparable to Ala-34 mutant. These results suggest that the phosphorylation at Ser-56 may serve to inhibit the activation of newly synthesized Mos protein. As predicted from Xenopus c-Mos studies, Glu-34 mutant of v-Mos was highly active (125% that of wild type). Interestingly, consistant with the model involving an inhibitory role of Ser-56 phosphorylation, the Glu-34 Glu-56 double mutant was totally inactive as a kinase. Moreover in my experiments, there was a perfect correlation between the level of v-Mos kinase activity of various mutants and their transforming activity. The latter is dependent upon MEK1 phosphorylation/ activation in v-mos transformed cells. Residues corresponding to both v-Mos Ser-34 and Ser-56 are evolutionarily conserved in c-Mos. Therefore, the cytostatic factor function of c-Mos may be regulated in the same manner as v-Mos kinase activity. It has been known that v-mos transforms cells by affecting G1 phase progression of the cell cycle. Here I showed that mos induces cyclin D1 expression in mos transformed NIH 3T3 cells and NRK 6m2 cells, and this induced level was found to be unaffected by serum starvation. Consequently, cyclin D1-Cdk4 and cyclin E-Cdk2 activities increase, and retinoblastoma protein is hyperphosphorylated. Based on studies from several laboratories, these findings suggest that increased amount of cyclin D1-Cdk4 complexes ties up the limited amount of cyclin E-Cdk2 inhibitors (e.g. p27), causing the activation of cyclin E-Cdk2. My results indicate that activation of key cell cycle regulators of G1 phase may be important for cellular transformation by mos. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Subject Area

Oncology|Molecular biology|Cellular biology

Recommended Citation

Yang, Yandan, "Regulation ofv-Mos kinase activity by phosphorylation" (1996). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9705766.