Analysis of pp60c-src and pp62c-yes intracellular protein tyrosine kinase function in colon tumor cell growth regulation using herbimycin A, a tyrosine kinase specific inhibitor
Two approaches were utilized to investigate the role of pp60c-src activation in growth control of model colon tumor cell lines. The first approach involved analysis of pp60c-src activity in response to growth factor treatment to determine if transient activation of the protein was associated with ligand induced mitogenic signal transduction as occurs in non-colonic cell types. Activation of pp60c-src was detected using colon tumor cell lysates after treatment with platelet derived growth factor (PDGF). Activation of pp60c-src was also detected in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF) treatment using cellular lysates and intact cells. In contrast, down-regulation of purified pp60c-src occurred after incubation with EGF-treated EGFr immune complexes in vitro suggesting additional cellular events were potentially required for the stimulatory response observed in intact cells. The results demonstrated activation of pp60c-src in colon tumor cells in response to PDGF and EGF which is consistent with the role of the protein in mitogenic signal transduction in non-colonic cell types. The second approach used to study the role of pp60c-src activation in colonic cell growth control focused on analysis of the role of constitutive activation of the protein, which occurs in approximately 80% of colon tumors and cell lines, in growth control. These studies involved analysis of the effects of the tyrosine kinase specific inhibitor Herbimycin A (HA) on monolayer growth and pp60c-src enzymatic activity using model colon tumor cell lines. HA induced dose-dependent growth inhibition of all colon tumor cell lines examined possessing elevated pp60c-src activity. In HT29 cells the dose-dependent growth inhibition induced by HA correlated with dose-dependent pp60c-src inactivation. Inactivation of pp60c-src was shown to be an early event in response to treatment with HA which preceded induction of HT29 colon tumor cell growth inhibition. The growth effects of HA towards the colon tumor cells examined did not appear to be associated with induction of differentiation or a cytotoxic mechanism of action as changes in morphology were not detected in treated cells and growth inhibition (and pp60c-src inactivation) were reversible upon release from treatment with the compound. The results suggested the constitutive activation of pp60c-src functioned as a proliferative signal in colon tumor cells. Correlation between pp60c-src inactivation and growth inhibition was also observed using HA chemical derivatives confirming the role of tyrosine kinase inactivation by these compounds in inhibition of mitogenic signalling. In contrast, in AS15 cells possessing specific antisense mRNA mediated inactivation of pp60c-src, HA-induced inactivation of the related pp62c-yes tyrosine kinase, which is also activated during colon tumor progression, was not associated with induction of monolayer growth inhibition. These results suggested a function for the constitutively activated pp62c-yes protein in colon tumor cell proliferation which was different from that of activated pp60c-src. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
Cellular biology|Oncology|Molecular biology
Garcia, Roy, "Analysis of pp60c-src and pp62c-yes intracellular protein tyrosine kinase function in colon tumor cell growth regulation using herbimycin A, a tyrosine kinase specific inhibitor" (1995). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9732767.