Involvement ofp53 in PUVA-induced skin cancers
A combination of psoralen and ultraviolet-A radiation, commonly referred to as "PUVA," is widely used in the treatment of psoriasis. However, PUVA treatment increases the risk of developing skin cancer in psoriasis patients and induces skin cancer in mice. It is, however unknown whether the increased incidence of skin cancer in PUVA treated psoriasis patients is due to the carcinogenic effects of PUVA therapy or due to an indirect effect such as immunosuppression, which can permit the growth of tumors induced by UVB radiation. In this study, we used the p53 tumor suppressor gene as a molecular marker to determine whether PUVA-induced mouse skin cancers contain unique mutations in p53 that are different from UV-induced mutations, and if so, determine whether skin cancers from PUVA treated patients have PUVA-type or UV-type p53 mutations. Since the DNA lesions induced by PUVA are quite different from those induced by UV, we hypothesize that p53 mutations induced by PUVA may also be different from those induced by UV. Analysis of PUVA-induced murine skin cancers for p53 mutations revealed that 14 of 15 (93%) missense mutations detected in these cancers were localized at 5$\sp\prime$-TA/5$\sp\prime$-TAT sites, potential sites of psoralen photoadditions. Mutations at these sequences are exceedingly rare in UV-induced murine skin cancers. In addition, PUVA-induced murine skin cancers did not contain UV signature (C $\to$ T or CC $\to$ TT transitions) mutations in p53. These results suggest that PUVA induces unique mutations in p53 that can be distinguished from those induced by UV. Next we determined whether SCCs arising in PUVA treated psoriasis patients have PUVA-type or UV-type p53 mutations. The results indicated that 16 of 25 (64%) missense p53 mutations detected in SCCs from PUVA treated patients were located at 5$\sp\prime$-TG, 5$\sp\prime$-TA and 5$\sp\prime$-TT sites, putative sites of psoralen photobinding. Interestingly, about 32% of p53 mutations detected in SCCs from PUVA treated patients had the UV signature. Taken together these results suggest that both PUVA and UVB play a role in the development of SCCs in psoriasis patients undergoing PUVA therapy.
Oncology|Molecular biology|Cellular biology
Nataraj, Arun Jayaraman, "Involvement ofp53 in PUVA-induced skin cancers" (1997). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9732774.