Regulation of phospholipid biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by CDP-diacylglycerol synthase

Haifa Shen, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Amine-containing phospholipid synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae starts with the conversion of CDP-diacylglycerol (CDP-DAG) and serine to phosphatidylserine (PS) while phosphatidylinositol (PI) is formed from CDP-DAG and inositol (derived from inositol-1-phosphate). In this study a gene (CDS1) encoding CDP-DAG synthase in S. cerevisiae was isolated and identified. The CDS1 gene encodes the majority, if not all, of the synthase activity, and is essential for cell growth. Overexpression of the CDS1 gene resulted in an elevation in the apparent initial rate of synthesis and also steady-state level of PI relative to PS in both wild type yeast and the cds1 mutant. Down-regulation of CDS1 expression resulted in an inositol excretion phenotype and an opposite effect on the above phospholipid synthesis in the cds1 mutant. This regulation of phospholipid biosynthesis is mediated by changes of the phospholipid biosynthetic enzymes via a mechanism independent of the expression of the INO2-OPI1 regulatory genes. Reduction in the level of CDP-DAG synthase activity resulted in an increase in PS synthase activity which followed a similar change in the CHO1/PSS (encodes PS synthase) mRNA level. INO1 (encodes inositol-1-phosphate synthase) mRNA also increased but only after CDP-DAG synthase activity fell below the wild type level. PI synthase activity followed the decrease of the CDP-DAG synthase activity, but there was no parallel change in the level of PIS1 mRNA. A G$\sp{305}$/A$\sp{305}$ point mutation within the CDS1 gene which causes the cdg1 phenotype was identified. A human cDNA clone encoding CDP-DAG synthase activity was characterized by complementation of the yeast cds1 null mutant.

Subject Area

Molecular biology|Genetics

Recommended Citation

Shen, Haifa, "Regulation of phospholipid biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by CDP-diacylglycerol synthase" (1997). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9732776.