Genetic analysis of tumor progression susceptibility in the mouse skin model
In the field of chemical carcinogenesis the use of animal models has proved to be a useful tool in dissecting the multistage process of tumor formation. In this regard the outbred SENCAR mouse has been the strain of choice in the analysis of skin carcinogenesis given its high sensitivity to the chemically induced acquisition of premalignant lesions, papillomas, and the later progression of these lesions into squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). The derivation of an inbred strain from the SENCAR stock called SSIN, that in spite of a high sensitivity to the development of papillomas lack the ability to transform these premalignant lesions into SCC, suggested that tumor promotion and progression were under the genetic control of different sets of genes. In the present study the nature of susceptibility to tumor progression was investigated. Analysis of F1 hybrids between the outbred SENCAR and SSIN mice suggested that there is at least one dominant gene responsible for susceptibility to tumor progression. Later development of another inbred strain from the outbred SENCAR stock, that had sensitivity to both tumor promotion and progression, allowed the formulation of a more accurate genetic model. Using this newly derived line, SENCAR B/Pt. and SSIN it was determined that there is one dominant tumor progression susceptibility gene. Linkage analysis showed that this gene maps to mouse chromosome 14 and it was possible to narrow the region to a 16 cM interval. In order to better characterize the nature of the progression susceptibility differences between these two strains, their proliferative pattern was investigated. It was found that SENCAR B/Pt, have an enlarged proliferative compartment with overexpression of cyclin D1, p16 and p21. Further studies showed an aberrant overexpression of TGF-$\beta$ in the susceptible strain, an increase in apoptosis, p53 protein accumulation and early loss of connexin 26. These results taken together suggest that papillomas in the SENCAR B/Pt. mice have higher proliferation and may have an increase in genomic instability, these two factors would contribute to a higher sensitivity to tumor progression.
Genetics|Cellular biology|Molecular biology|Oncology
Stern, Mariana Carla, "Genetic analysis of tumor progression susceptibility in the mouse skin model" (1997). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9732777.