Outcomes assessment of a pediatric practice guideline
Objective. This study examines the structure, processes, and data necessary to assess the outcome variables, length of stay and total cost, for a pediatric practice guideline. The guideline was developed by a group of physicians and ancillary staff members representing the services that most commonly provide treatment for asthma patients at Texas Children's Hospital, as a means of standardizing care. Outcomes have needed to be assessed to determine the practice guideline's effectiveness. Data sources and study design. Data for the study were collected retrospectively from multiple hospital data bases and from inpatient chart reviews. All patients in this quasi-experimental study had a diagnosis of Asthma (ICD-9-CM Code 493.91) at the time of admission. The study examined data for 100 patients admitted between September 15, 1995 and November 15, 1995, whose physician had elected to apply the asthma practice guideline at the time of the patient's admission. The study examined data for 66 inpatients admitted between September 15, 1995 and November 15, 1995, whose physician elected not to apply the asthma practice guideline. The principal outcome variables were identified as "Length of Stay" and "Cost". Principal findings. The mean length of stay for the group in which the practice guideline was applied was 2.3 days, and 3.1 days for the comparison group, who did not receive care directed by the practice guideline. The difference was statistically significant (p value = 0.008). There was not a demonstrable difference in risk factors, health status, or quality of care between the groups. Although not showing statistical significance in the univariate analysis, private insurance showed a significant difference in the logistic regression model presenting an elevated odds ratio (odds ratio = 2.2 for a hospital stay $\le$2 days to an odds ratio = 4.7 for a hospital stay $\le$3 days) showing that patients with private insurance experienced greater risk of a shorter hospital stay than the patients with public insurance in each of the logistic regression models. Public insurance included; Medicaid, Medicare, and charity cases. Private insurance included; private insurance policies whether group, individual, or managed care. The cost of an admission was significantly less for the group in which the practice guideline was applied, with a mean difference between the two groups of $1307 per patient. Conclusion. The implementation and utilization of a pediatric practice guideline for asthma inpatients at Texas Children's Hospital has a significant impact in terms of reducing the total cost of the hospital stay and length of the hospital stay for asthma patients admitted to Texas Children's Hospital.
Public health|Health care
Rives, Terry Edward, "Outcomes assessment of a pediatric practice guideline" (1996). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9736145.