Status epilepticus and multiple organ system dysfunction
Recent reports have suggested the possible association of status epilepticus and multiple organ system failure. The purpose of this case control study was to investigate this association and to identify factors that predispose individuals with status epilepticus (SE) or aborted status epilepticus (ASE) to develop multiple organ system failure (MOSF) or multiple organ system dysfunction (MODS). For the purpose of the study, definitions of SE, ASE, MOSF, and MODS were operationalized as follows: SE was defined as any seizure lasting for a duration of $\ge$30 minutes or intermittent seizures lasting for $\ge$30 minutes from which the patient does not regain consciousness. ASE was defined as any seizure lasting for a duration of $\ge$10 minutes but $<$30 minutes and which was aborted as a result of a medical intervention. MOSF was defined as the failure of $\ge$2 organ systems in the same patient; organ system failure was said to be present whenever standard MOSF criteria were met. MODS was defined as the dysfunction of $\ge$2 organ systems in the same patient; organ system dysfunction was said to be present, whenever the monitor(s) of that organ's function exceeded the normal range for the physiological or laboratory parameters. Medical records of 686 individuals between the age of 5 and 44 years, with history of seizures needing hospitalization at the Texas Children's Hospital or Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, between 1991-95 were reviewed and 100 individuals with SE/ASE were identified. Of these 100 individuals with SE/ASE, 45 developed MOSF/MODS during their hospitalization and 9 of these individuals died. Using multivariate analyses, it was found that adult individuals who had an "acute" etiology of their seizure disorder (OR = 5.23; 95%CI: 0.41, 66.24) and children who had a "remote" etiology of their seizure disorder (OR = 3.92; 95%CI: 0.53, 29.22), were more likely to develop MOSF/MODS compared with those who had other etiologies of the seizure disorder. Individuals with SE lasting more than one hour were more likely to develop MOSF/MODS compared with individuals with SE lasting less than 1 hour (OR = 6.51; 95%CI: 1.63, 25.92). Individuals who presented with the SE/ASE episode as their first seizure episode were more likely to develop MOSF/MODS compared to those with a previous history of seizure episodes (OR = 1.78; 95%CI: 0.36, 8.82). The major limitations of this study includes the relatively small sample size and the study being performed in only two institutions. However, this is the first study of this kind and should therefore be viewed as largely exploratory in nature. Future studies should investigate the relationship of the risk factors identified in this study using a larger number of institutions and patients.
Sachdeva, Ramesh Chander, "Status epilepticus and multiple organ system dysfunction" (1996). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9736146.