Radiolabeled human monoclonal IgM for intracompartmental cancer therapy

Paul Eric Borchardt, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with i.v. administered radiolabeled IgG can selectively irradiate tumor cells in vivo. However, it only provides effective therapy for lymphomas. Intracompartmental RIT with radiolabeled human monoclonal IgM may allow curative treatment of solid tumors by increasing tumor deposition of radioactivity, reducing systemic toxicity and allowing repeated administration. This hypothesis was tested in nude mouse models with IgM radiolabeled with indium-111 $\rm(\sp{111}In)$ or yttrium-90 $\rm(\sp{90}Y).$ The use of two radioisotopes, $\rm\sp{111}In$ for imaging and $\rm\sp{90}Y$ for therapy, allow for more quantitative and cautious development of RIT. Radiolabled 2B12, an IgM reactive with human ovarian carcinomas was tested by i.v. and intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration in nude mice bearing i.p. nodules of a human ovarian carcinoma cell line (SKOV3 NMP2). Radiolabeled CR4E8, an IgM reactive with human squamous cell carcinomas was tested by i.v. and intralesional (i.l.) administration in nude mice bearing subcutaneous tumors of a human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell line (886). These two models were selected to test proof of concept. Radiolabeled irrelevant IgM (CH-1B9), and $\rm\sp{90}Y$-aggregate served as specificity controls. Biodistribution was performed by excising, weighing and then measuring the radioactivity of tumor and normal organs. Therapy was conducted with i.p. $\rm\sp{90}Y$-labeled 2B12 using both single and fractionated administration and with i.l. $\rm\sp{90}Y$-labeled CR4E8 using single administration. Mice were monitored for tumor response, survival and systemic toxicity. Intracompartmental administration of radiolabeled IgM produced immediate high and prolonged tumor deposition of radioactivity with low normal tissue uptake. In contrast, i.v. administration resulted in low tumor, but high liver and spleen uptake. Similar biodistributions were demonstrated for $\rm\sp{111}In$- and $\rm\sp{90}Y$-labeled IgM. Intraperitoneal therapy with $\rm\sp{90}Y$-labeled 2B12 increased survival by approximately 12 days for every 100 $\rm\mu Ci$ of activity without significant toxicity for single (0-300 $\rm\mu Ci)$ and fractionated (150-510 $\rm\mu Ci)$ administration. Intralesional therapy with $\rm\sp{90}Y$-labeled CR4E8 (150-400 $\rm\mu Ci)$ induced prolonged complete regressions. Significant local or systemic toxicity was not observed. Intracompartmental RIT with radiolabeled tumor-reactive human monoclonal IgM can selectively irradiate tumor cells. Intracompartmental radiolabled IgM can significantly extend the survival of treated mice with minimal toxicity. It deserves further development as a new cancer therapy.

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Recommended Citation

Borchardt, Paul Eric, "Radiolabeled human monoclonal IgM for intracompartmental cancer therapy" (1997). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9807052.