Growth regulatory role of R-PTP(mu) in normal and neoplastic epithelial cells
Cellular oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes regulate cellular adhesion and proliferation, two important events in malignant transformation. Even though receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatases (R-PTPs) can influence these events, their role in malignant transformation has not been studied. The major goal of this study was to determine whether downregulation of R-PTP$\mu$ expression in lung epithelial cells is associated with or causal to neoplastic transformation. Examination of R-PTP$\mu$ expression in normal and carcinoma cells demonstrated that lung epithelial cells expressed R-PTP$\mu$ whereas lung carcinoma cells did not, and that incubation with TGF-$\alpha$ and HGF induced a two fold increase in R-PTP$\mu$ mRNA expression. To associate the expression of R-PTP$\mu$ with neoplastic transformation, we transfected lung epithelial cells with the H-ras oncogene. Transformation resulted in the activation of the MAPK signal transduction pathway, the hyperphosphorylation of c-met, and the production of HGF. Upon analysis of R-PTP$\mu$ expression, we observed a significant decrease in R-PTP$\mu$ mRNA and protein levels suggesting that transformation can directly or indirectly downregulate the expression of R-PTP$\mu.$ TGF-$\beta$ reversed the H-ras transformed phenotype, an event directly correlated with upregulation of R-PTP$\mu.$ To provide a casual relationship between R-PTP$\mu$ and cessation of tumor cell growth, we transfected carcinoma cells with the wild type R-PTP$\mu$ cDNA. Transiently expressing cells were selected by FACS using the mAb 3D7 and plated into individual wells. Carcinoma cells positive for R-PTP$\mu$ expression did not grow into colonies whereas non-R-PTP$\mu$ expressing carcinoma cells did, suggesting that expression of R-PTP$\mu$ arrested cell growth. To better understand the growth arrest induced by R-PTP$\mu$, we transfected the H-ras transformed lung epithelial cell line (MvLu-1-ras) with R-PTP$\mu$ (MvLu-1-ras/R-PTP$\mu$). Examination of growth factor receptor phosphorylation revealed significant inhibition of c-met and EGF-R. Furthermore, these cells underwent apoptosis in the absence of serum. Taken together the data demonstrate that the downregulation of R-PTP$\mu$ expression is an important step in neoplastic transformation of lung epithelial cells and that its presence can induce apoptosis and inhibit the signaling of c-met and EGF-R, two major growth factor receptors in lung carcinoma. In conclusion, the expression of R-PTP$\mu$ is inversely correlated with neoplastic transformation, growth and survival of tumor cells.
Beltran, Pedro Jose, "Growth regulatory role of R-PTP(mu) in normal and neoplastic epithelial cells" (1998). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9909435.