Relationships between the alterations of tumor suppressor genes, risk factors and clinical outcomes of gliomas
The relationship between MMAC/PTEN, DMBT1 and the progression and prognosis of glioma, and the association between the alterations of MMAC/PTEN, p53, p16, and Rb and some cancer risk factors, such as smoking, exposure to radiation, family cancer history, and previous cancer history, were assessed in 4 studies. By allelic deletion analysis, MMAC/PTEN locus was shown to be frequently lost in glioblastomas multiforme (GM) but maintained in most lower-grade astrocytic tumors. DMBT1 locus, however, was frequently lost in all grades of gliomas examined. The potential biological significance of these two regions was frontier assessed by examining microcell-hybrids that contained various fragments of 10q. Somatic cell hybrid clones that retained the MMAC/PTEN locus have less transformed phenotypes, exhibiting an inability to grow in soft agarose. On the other hand, the presence or absence of DAMT1 did not correlate with any in vitro phenotype assessed in our model system. Further, Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, adjusted for age at surgery and histologic grades (GM, and non-GM), showed that without LOH at the MMAC/PTEN locus had a significantly better prognosis than did patients with LOH at MMAC/ PTEN (hazard ratio = 0.5; 95% Cl = 0.28–0.89; P = 0.018). Furthermore, status of LOH at MMAC/PTEN was found to be significantly associated with age, while that for DMBT1 was not. These results suggest that the DMBT1 may be involved early in the oncogenesis of gliomas, while alterations in the MMAC /PTEN may be a late event in the oncogenesis related with progression of gliomas and provide a significant prognostic marker for patient survival. The associations between 4 cancer risk factors and 4 tumor suppressor genes were assessed. The expression of p16 was observed to be associated with current smoking (adjusted OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.02–3.6) but not the former smoking (adjusted OR = 1.1, 95% Cl = 0.5–3.5). The expression of p53 was found to be associated with the family cancer history (OR = 3.5, 95% Cl = 1.07–11 for patients with first-degree family history of cancer). MMAC/ PTEN was associated with the histologic grade (OR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.2–6.6) and age (P = 0.035). Also, the OR for LOH around MMAC/PTEN in patients with a family history of cancer was elevated (OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 0.8–4.6 for patients with first-degree family history of cancer). The associations between exposure and the alterations of tumor suppressor genes, between smoking and p16, between family history of cancer and p53 and MMAC/PTEN, provide suggestive evidences that those exposures are related to the development of gliomas.
Public health|Molecular biology|Oncology
Lin, Huai, "Relationships between the alterations of tumor suppressor genes, risk factors and clinical outcomes of gliomas" (1998). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9916066.