Effect of continuous gastric enteral feeding on tonometric measurement of gastric intramucosal carbon dioxide levels in healthy volunteers

Cinda Heist Clark, The University of Texas School of Nursing at Houston


Purpose. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of enteral feeding on tonometric measurement of gastric regional carbon dioxide levels (PrCO2) in normal healthy volunteers. Design and methods. The sample included 12 healthy volunteers recruited by the University Clinical Research Center (UCRC). An air tonometry system monitored PrCO2 levels using a tonometer placed in the lumen of the stomach via orogastric intubation. PrCO2 was automatically measured and recorded every 10 minutes throughout the five hour study period. An oral dose of famotidine 40 mg was self-administered the evening prior to and the morning of the study. Instillation of Isocal® High Nitrogen (HN) was used for enteral feeding in hourly escalating doses of 0, 40, 60, and 80 ml/hr with no feeding during the fifth hour. Results . PrCO2 measurements at time 0 and 10 minutes (41.4 ± 6.5 and 41.8 ± 5.7, respectively) demonstrated biologic precision (Levene's Test statistic = 0.085, p-value 0.774). Biologic precision was lost between T130 and T140 40 when compared to baseline TO (Levene's Test statistic = 1.70, p-value 0.205; and 3.205, p-value 0.042, respectively) and returned to non-significant levels between T270 and T280 (Levene's Test statistic = 3.083, p-value 0.043; and 2.307, p-value 0.143, respectively). Isocal® HN significantly affected the biologic accuracy of PrCO2 measurements (repeated measures ANOVA F 4.91, p-value <0.001). After 20 minutes of enteral feeding at 40 ml/hr, PrCO2 significantly increased (41.4 ± 6.5 to 46.6 ± 4.25, F = 5.4, p-value 0.029). Maximum variance from baseline (41.4 ± 6.5 to 61.3 ± 15.2, F = 17.22, p-value <0.001) was noted after 30 minutes of Isocal® HN at 80 ml/hr or 210 minutes from baseline. The significant elevations in PrCO2 continued throughout the study. Sixty minutes after discontinuation of enteral feeding, PrCO2 remained significantly elevated from baseline (41.4 ± 6.5 to 51.8 ± 9.2, F = 10.15, p-value 0.004). Conclusion. Enteral feeding with Isocal® HN significantly affects the precision and accuracy of PrCO2 measurements in healthy volunteers.

Subject Area


Recommended Citation

Clark, Cinda Heist, "Effect of continuous gastric enteral feeding on tonometric measurement of gastric intramucosal carbon dioxide levels in healthy volunteers" (1999). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9927726.