The cDNA cloning of murine HIP/L29 and the functional analysis of HIP/L29 domains
Human heparin/heparan sulfate interacting protein/L29 (HIP/L29) is a heparin/heparan sulfate (Hp/HS) binding protein found in many adult human tissues. Potential functions of this protein are promotion of embryo adhesion, modulation of blood coagulation, and control of cell growth. While these activities are diverse, the ability of human HIP/L29 to interact with Hp/HS at the cell surface may be a unifying mechanism of action since Hp/HS influences all of these processes. A murine ortholog has been identified that has 78.8% homology over the entire sequence and identity over the N-terminal 64 amino acids when compared to human HIP/L29. Northern, Western, and immunohistochemical analysis shows that murine HIP/L29 mRNA and protein are expressed in a tissue specific manner. Murine HIP/L29 is enriched in the membrane fraction of NmuMG cells where it is eluted with high salt, suggesting that it is a peripheral membrane protein. The ability of murine HIP/L29 to bind Hp is verified by studies using native and recombinant forms of murine HIP/L29. A synthetic peptide (HIP peptide-2) derived from the identical N-terminal region of HIP/L29 proteins was tested for the ability to bind Hp and support cell adhesion. This peptide was chosen because it conforms to a proposed consensus sequence for Hp/HS binding peptides. HIP peptide-2 binds Hp in a dose-dependent, saturable, and selective manner and supports Hp-dependent cell adhesion. However, a scrambled form of this peptide displayed similar activities indicating a lack of peptide sequence specificity required for activity. Lastly, an unbiased approach was used to identify sequences within human and mouse HIP/L29 proteins necessary for Hp/HS binding. A panel of recombinant proteins was made that collectively are deficient in every human HIP/L29 domain. The activities of these deletion mutants and recombinant murine HIP/L29 were compared to the activity of recombinant human HIP/L29 in a number of assays designed to look at differences in the ability to bind Hp/HS. These studies suggest that each domain within human HIP/L29 is important for binding to Hp/HS and divergences in the C-terminus of human and mouse HIP/L29 account for a decrease in murine HIP/L29 affinity for Hp/HS. It is apparent that multiple domains within human and mouse HIP/L29 contribute to the function of Hp/HS binding. The interaction of multiple HIP/L29 domains with Hp/HS will influence the biological activity of HIP/L29 proteins.
Hoke, David Edmund, "The cDNA cloning of murine HIP/L29 and the functional analysis of HIP/L29 domains" (1999). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9929379.