The Shc adaptor protein and its role on Her-2/neu oncogenesis
Shc proteins are implicated in coupling receptor tyrosine kinases to the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway by recruiting Grb2/SOS to the plasma membrane. To better understand the role of Shc in oncogenesis brought about by point mutation activated neu (p185*), we transfected a Shc mutant (ShcΔCH1), which lacks the Grb2 binding site Y317 by deletion of collagen-homology domain 1, into p185*-transformed NIH3T3 cells. The cellular transformation phenotypes were found to be largely suppressed by expression of ShcΔCH1. This study indicates that Shc plays a critical role in mediating the oncogenical signals of p185*. Although ShcΔCH1 still retained another Grb2 binding site (Y239/240), we did not detect its physical association with Grb2. We also found that ShcΔCH1 could associate with p185*; however, this association did not interfere with the endogenous Shc-p185* interaction or the Shc-Grb2 interaction. In addition, p185*-mediated MAPK/Elk activation, PI3-K activation and Src activation likewise was not inhibited by ShcΔCH1 expression. Taken together, our current study clearly indicates that ShcΔCH1 suppresses the p185*-induced transformation, and that this suppression is mediated through a MAPK-independent and possibly PI3-K, Src-independent pathway. These results suggest that Shc may be involved in other unidentified signal pathways which are critical for p185*-induced cellular transformation besides the three pathways that we have studied.
Molecular biology|Cellular biology|Oncology
Li, Kaiyi, "The Shc adaptor protein and its role on Her-2/neu oncogenesis" (1999). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9929383.