Effect of cancer chemotherapy on the frequency of minisatellite repeat number changes in human sperm
The objective of this study was to determine whether cancer chemotherapy induces detectable mutations in DNA of the human germline and whether minisatellite repeat number changes can be used as a sensitive indicator of genetic damage in human sperm caused by mutagens. We compared the mutation frequencies in sperm of the same cancer patients pre- and post-, pre- and during, or during and post-treatment. Small pool polymerase chain reaction (SP-PCR) (DNA equivalent to approximately 100 sperm) and Southern blotting techniques were used to detect mutations and quantify the frequency of repeat number changes at the minisatellite MS205 locus. One pre- and one post-treatment semen sample was obtained from each Hodgkin's disease patient treated with either: (1) a regimen without alkylating agents, Novantrone, Oncovin, Vinblastine, and Prednisone (NOVP), 4 patients; (2) a regimen containing alkylating agents, Cytoxan, Vinblastine, Procarbazine, and Prednisone (CVPP)/Adriamycin, Bleomycin, DTIC, CCNU, and Prednisone (ABDIC), 2 patients; and (3) a regimen containing alkylating agents, Mechlorethamine, Oncovin, Procarbazine, and Prednisone (MOPP), 1 patient. One pre- and one during treatment semen sample from each of two Hodgkin's disease patients treated with Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine, and Dacarbazine (ABVD) were obtained. One during and one post-treatment semen sample from a Hodgkin's disease patient treated with NOVP were also obtained. At least 7900 sperm in each sample were screened for the repeat number changes at the MS205 locus by multi-aliquots of SP-PCR. The mutation frequencies of pre- and post-treatment for the four patients treated with NOVP were 0.22 and 0.18%; 0.24 and 0.16%; 0.35 and 0.28%; and 0.19 and 0.18%. With CVPP/ABDIC, they were 0.22 and 0.23%; and 0.94 and 0.98% for the two patients and with MOPP they were 0.79 and 1.14%. The mutation frequencies of pre- and during treatment with ABVD were 0.09 and 0.07%; and 0.34 and 0.27% for the two patients. The mutation frequencies of during and post-treatment with NOVP for one patient were 0.31 and 0.25%. A statistically significant increase in mutation frequency was only found in the patient treated with MOPP. According to the time of samples collected after or during treatment and the above results, we conclude that there is no effect of NOVP and CVPP/ABDIC regimens on the mutation frequency in spermatogonia. The spermatocytes are not highly sensitive to chemotherapy agents compared to spermatogonia at the minisatellite MS205 locus. MOPP treatment may increase the mutation frequency at the MS205 locus in spermatogonia.
Zheng, Ningjia, "Effect of cancer chemotherapy on the frequency of minisatellite repeat number changes in human sperm" (1999). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9929472.