Quality of care for uninsured type 2 diabetic patients in a financial assistance medical home model
The medically uninsured population in the United States is 16% or 42 million people and consists of a significant number of Type 2 diabetic patients which is the predominant form of diabetes with 798,000 new cases diagnosed each year. There is limited health services research on uninsured populations concerning health system measures or specific disease conditions. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the impact a newly implemented health care program had on the quality of care provided to patients with Type 2 diabetes. The primary study objective was to compare the quality of care while controlling for utilization, and health status of patients in the new program to their status during the previous financial assistance program. The research design was a retrospective matched-pairs design. The study population consisted of 225 patients who received medical care during 1996 and 1997 at the University Health System in San Antonio, Texas. Six quality of care measures individually failed to demonstrate a statistically significant difference when compared between the two periods. However, an index measure reflecting the number of patients who received all six of the quality of care measures demonstrated a statistically significant increase in 1997 (p-value < 0.05). In 1996, 8 patients (2.6%) received all six medical management components. In 1997, 38 patients (16.8%) received all six medical management components. Four regression models were analyzed; two out of the four models demonstrated inconsistent results based on the program membership variable. It is concluded that there has been a small effect of the Carelink program demonstrated by an increase from 8 to 38 patients receiving all quality of care components for Type 2 diabetics at the UHS. It is recommended that additional research be conducted in order to evaluate the quality of care provided to Type 2 diabetic patients.
Farinacci, LaDona Rayburn, "Quality of care for uninsured type 2 diabetic patients in a financial assistance medical home model" (1999). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9981139.