Maternal Hookworm Infection and Its Effects on Maternal Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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Hookworm is an intestinal parasite that infects nearly 230 million people, with another 5.1 billion at risk, especially in poverty-stricken tropical and subtropical regions. Pregnancy is an especially vulnerable time for hookworm infection because of its effect on both maternal and subsequently fetal health. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. The meta-analysis was performed on the association between maternal hookworm and maternal anemia, as well as maternal hookworm coinfection with malaria. The prevalence of hookworm ranged from 1% to 78% in pregnant women, whereas malaria prevalence ranged from 11% to 81%. Pregnant women with hookworm infection were more likely to have anemia (combined odds ratio [cOR] 2.55 [2.20, 2.96],
Ancylostomatoidea, Anemia, Animals, Cohort Studies, Coinfection, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Health Education, Hookworm Infections, Humans, Malaria, Maternal Health, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic, Public Health
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