Incidence and Risk Factors of Transplantation-Associated Thrombotic Microangiopathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Transplantation and Cellular Therapy
Transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is an increasingly recognized post-transplantation complication, yet the overall incidence of the disease remains under debate. To determine the pooled incidence of TA-TMA in a systematic review of literature and to identify consistent risk factors. We performed a systematic review using the MEDLINE, Embase, and CENTRAL databases to identify cohort studies that reported incidence of and risk factors for TA-TMA from 2004 to 2020. We conducted a meta-analysis of proportion to estimate the pooled incidence of TA-TMA using a random-effects model. We assessed moderators of heterogeneity through subgroup analysis, risk of bias through ROBINS-I, and publication bias through funnel plot. Among 21 cohort studies with a total of 36,163 adult and pediatric patients who underwent allogeneic transplantation, the pooled incidence of TA-TMA was 12% (95% confidence interval, 9% to 16%). The diagnostic criteria used to define the disease was the most significant contributor identified to the high interstudy heterogeneity (I
Adult, Child, Graft vs Host Disease, Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Humans, Incidence, Risk Factors, Thrombotic Microangiopathies