Title

Maternal Hookworm Infection and Its Effects on Maternal Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Publication Date

11-1-2020

Journal

The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

DOI

10.4269/ajtmh.20-0503

PMID

32840198

PMCID

PMC7646767

PubMedCentral® Posted Date

8-24-2020

Abstract

Hookworm is an intestinal parasite that infects nearly 230 million people, with another 5.1 billion at risk, especially in poverty-stricken tropical and subtropical regions. Pregnancy is an especially vulnerable time for hookworm infection because of its effect on both maternal and subsequently fetal health. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. The meta-analysis was performed on the association between maternal hookworm and maternal anemia, as well as maternal hookworm coinfection with malaria. The prevalence of hookworm ranged from 1% to 78% in pregnant women, whereas malaria prevalence ranged from 11% to 81%. Pregnant women with hookworm infection were more likely to have anemia (combined odds ratio [cOR] 2.55 [2.20, 2.96],

Keywords

Ancylostomatoidea, Anemia, Animals, Cohort Studies, Coinfection, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Health Education, Hookworm Infections, Humans, Malaria, Maternal Health, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic, Public Health

PubMedCentral® Full Text Version

author mss

Published Open-Access

yes

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