Publication Date



The Texas Heart Institute Journal





Publication Date(s)

March 2023





PubMedCentral® Posted Date


PubMedCentral® Full Text Version


Published Open-Access



Humans, Middle Aged, Aortic Valve, Bicuspid Aortic Valve Disease, Aorta, Thoracic, Aorta, Heart Valve Diseases, Retrospective Studies, Dilatation, Pathologic


BACKGROUND: Patients with bicuspid aortic valves (BAVs) tend to develop dilation of the ascending aorta. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of leaflet fusion pattern on aortic root diameter and outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for BAV vs tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) disease.

METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 90 patients with aortic valve disease (mean [SD] age, 51.5 [8.2] years) who underwent aortic valve replacement for BAV (n = 60) and TAV (n = 30). Fusion of right-left (R/L) coronary cusps was identified in 45 patients, whereas the remaining 15 patients had right-noncoronary (R/N) cusp fusion. Aortic diameter was measured at 4 levels, and Z values were computed.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the BAV and TAV groups for age, weight, aortic insufficiency grade, or size of implanted prostheses. However, a higher preoperative peak gradient at the aortic valve was significantly associated with R/L fusion (P = .02). Preoperative Z values of ascending aorta and sinotubular junction diameter were significantly higher in patients with R/N fusion than with the R/L (P < .001 and P = .04, respectively) and TAV (P < .001 and P < .05, respectively) subgroups. During the follow-up period (mean [SD], 2.7 [1.8] years), 3 patients underwent a redo procedure. At the last follow-up, the sizes of ascending aorta were similar among all 3 patient groups.

CONCLUSION: This study suggests that preoperative dilation of the ascending aorta is more common in patients with R/N fusion than in patients with R/L and TAV but is not significantly different between all groups in the early follow-up period. R/L fusion was associated with an increased risk of preoperative presence of aortic stenosis.



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