Publication Date



The Texas Heart Institute Journal





Publication Date(s)

January-June, 2024





PubMedCentral® Posted Date


PubMedCentral® Full Text Version


Published Open-Access



Mitral valve, perioperative period, complications, artificial pacemaker


BACKGROUND: Achieving optimal exposure of the mitral valve during surgical intervention poses a significant challenge. This study aimed to compare perioperative and postoperative outcomes associated with 3 left atriotomy techniques in mitral valve surgery-the conventional direct, transseptal, and superior septal approaches-and assess differences during the surgical procedure and the postoperative period.

METHODS: Inclusion criteria were patients undergoing mitral valve surgery from January 2010 to December 2020, categorized into 3 cohorts: group 1 (conventional direct; n = 115), group 2 (transseptal; n = 33), and group 3 (superior septal; n = 59). To bolster sample size, the study included patients undergoing mitral valve surgery independently or in conjunction with other procedures (eg, coronary artery bypass grafting, aortictricuspid surgery, or maze procedure).

RESULTS: No substantial variance was observed in the etiology of mitral valve disease across groups, except for a higher incidence of endocarditis in group 3 (P = .01). Group 1 exhibited a higher frequency of elective surgeries and isolated mitral valve procedures (P = .008), along with reduced aortic clamping and cardiopulmonary bypass durations (P = .002). Conversely, group 3 patients represented a greater proportion of emergency procedures (P = .01) and prolonged intensive care unit and hospital stays (P = .001). No significant disparities were detected in terms of permanent pacemaker implantation, postoperative complications, or mortality among the groups.

CONCLUSION: Mitral valve operations that employed these 3 atriotomy techniques demonstrated a safe profile. The conventional direct approach notably reduced aortic clamping and cardiopulmonary bypass durations. The superior septal method was primarily employed for acute pathologies, with no significant escalation in postoperative arrhythmias or permanent pacemaker implantation, although these patients had prolonged intensive care unit and hospital stays. These outcomes may be linked to the underlying pathology and nature of the surgical intervention rather than the incision method itself.



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