Publication Date



Journal of Dental Sciences


BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI), an assemblage of genetic diseases with dental enamel malformations, is generally grouped into hypoplastic, hypomaturation, and hypocalcified types. This study aimed to identify the genetic etiology for a consanguineous Iranian family with autosomal recessive hypocalcified AI.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental defects were characterized, and whole exome analysis conducted to search for disease-causing mutations. Minigene assay and RT-PCR were performed to evaluate molecular consequences of the identified mutation and expression of the causative gene in human dental tissues.

RESULTS: The defective enamel of erupted teeth showed extensive post-eruptive failure and discoloration. Partial enamel hypoplasia and indistinct dentino-enamel junction were evident on unerupted teeth, resembling hypocalcified AI. A novel homozygous

CONCLUSION: Loss-of-function


Dental enamelC4orf26Genetic mutationWhole exome sequencingTranscript variantDental pulp



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.