Publication Date



Scientific Reports


Cytokine-mediated systemic inflammation after open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repairs plays a pivotal role in disrupting circulatory homeostasis, potentially leading to organ dysfunction. The bioactive form of adrenomedullin (bio-ADM) is a peptide hormone with immunomodulatory and vasomotor effects, making it a potential diagnostic agent in these cases. This retrospective, bicentric study, conducted between January 2019 and December 2022, recruited 36 elective open TAAA repair patients in two German centres. Serum and plasma samples were collected at multiple time points to measure bio-ADM levels. The primary objective was to evaluate the association of bio-ADM levels with the onset of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), with secondary endpoints focusing on mortality and SIRS-related morbidity. Results showed a significant association between postoperative bio-ADM levels (12-48 h after surgery) and the onset of ARDS (p < .001), prolonged ventilation (p = .015 at 12h after surgery), atrial fibrillation (p < .001), and mortality (p = .05 at 24h). The biomarker was also strongly associated with sepsis (p = .01 at 12 h) and multi-organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (p = .02 at 24 h after surgery). The study underscores the potential utility of bio-ADM as a diagnostic tool for identifying patients at risk of postoperative complications following open TAAA repairs.


Humans, Adrenomedullin, Male, Female, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Middle Aged, Aged, Postoperative Complications, Retrospective Studies, Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic, Biomarkers, Sepsis, Multiple Organ Failure, Postoperative Period



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