Publication Date



Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews


PURPOSE: Current guidelines recommend debriefing following medical resuscitations to improve patient outcomes. The goal of this study was to describe national trends in postresuscitation debriefing practices among pediatric critical care medicine (PCCM) fellows to identify potential gaps in fellow education.

METHODS: A 13-item survey was distributed to fellows in all 76 ACGME-accredited PCCM programs in the United States in the spring of 2021. The online survey addressed frequency and timing of debriefings following medical resuscitations, whether formal training is provided, which medical professionals are present, and providers' comfort level leading a debriefing. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

RESULTS: A total of 102 responses (out of a possible N of 536) were gathered from current PCCM fellows. All fellows (100%) reported participation in a medical resuscitation. Only 21% stated that debriefings occurred after every resuscitation event, and 44% did not follow a structured protocol for debriefing. While 66% reported feeling very or somewhat comfortable leading the debriefing, 19% felt either somewhat uncomfortable or very uncomfortable. A vast majority (92%) of participating fellows believed that debriefing would be helpful in improving team member performance during future resuscitations, and 92% expressed interest in learning more about debriefing.

CONCLUSIONS: The majority of PCCM fellows do not receive formal training on how to lead a debriefing. Given that 74% of fellows in our study did not feel very comfortable leading a debriefing but almost universally expressed that this practice is useful for provider well-being and performance, there is a clear need for increased incorporation of debriefing training into PCCM curricula across the United States.


pediatric critical care medicine, fellowship, pediatric intensive care units, resuscitation, surveys, questionnaires, medical education, debriefing



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