Publication Date



European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Fesoterodine is a muscarinic receptor antagonist approved for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) in adults and neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) in pediatric patients. This work aimed to characterize the population pharmacokinetics of 5-hydroxymethyl tolterodine (5-HMT, the active metabolite of fesoterodine) and its pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship in pediatric patients with OAB or NDO following administration of fesoterodine.

METHODS: 5-HMT plasma concentrations from 142 participants of age ≥ 6 years were analyzed, and a nonlinear mixed-effects model was developed. Weight-based simulations of 5-HMT exposure and maximum cystometric capacity (MCC) were conducted using the final models.

RESULTS: A one-compartment model with first-order absorption and a lag time, which included the effects of body weight, sex, cytochrome (CYP) 2D6 metabolizer status and fesoterodine formulation on pharmacokinetic parameters, best described the 5-HMT pharmacokinetics. An E

CONCLUSIONS: Population models were developed for 5-HMT and MCC in pediatric patients. Weight-based simulations indicated that 4 mg QD for pediatric patients weighing 25-35 kg and 8 mg QD for those weighing > 35 kg provided similar exposures to those in adults following 8 mg QD and a clinically meaningful CFB MCC.



Adult, Child, Humans, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6, Muscarinic Antagonists, Urinary Bladder, Overactive



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