Publication Date



Journal of the American Heart Association


Background Endovascular intervention of femoropopliteal chronic total occlusions (CTOs) is technically more complex. However, there is lack of comparative analysis between CTO and non-CTO femoropopliteal interventions. Methods and Results We report procedural details and outcomes of patients treated for femoropopliteal CTO and non-CTO lesions in the XLPAD (Excellence in Peripheral Artery Disease) registry (NCT01904851) between 2006 and 2019. Primary outcomes were procedural success and 1-year major adverse limb events, a composite of all-cause death, target limb revascularization, or major amputation. Analysis included 2895 patients (CTO: n=1516 patients; non-CTO: n=1379 patients) with 3658 lesions (CTO: n=1998 lesions; non-CTO: n=1660 lesions). Conventional balloon angioplasty (20.86% versus 33.48%,


chronic total occlusion, femoropopliteal disease, outcomes analysis, peripheral artery disease, prospective registry



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