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Introduction The 2016 Clinical Learning Environment Review established that experiential patient safety curricula for residents are uncommon. Moreover, these curricula do not incorporate non-technical skills linked to safety, such as situational awareness (SA). We developed an in-situ patient safety simulation exercise incorporating core SA concepts and subsequently assessed exercise feasibility and acceptability, and measured residents' safety SA. Methods A simulation scenario and mock chart were designed, incorporating 16 patient safety hazards. Residents at two institutions reviewed the chart and had 10 minutes in an emergency department room with the simulated scenario to document identified hazards, followed by a facilitated debriefing. Pre- and post-exercise surveys were completed. We used regression analyses to compare exercise performance and survey responses by training year, and measures of proportional difference and association for survey responses. Results This study included 76 of 104 eligible residents (73.1%). Around 56.5% initially reported being comfortable identifying hazards. During the exercise, hazards requiring higher SA were identified less frequently. Senior residents identified more hazards (OR 2.26; 95%CI 1.56-3.28) (mean 8.28, SD1.45); 93.4% expressed satisfaction with the session, and residents reporting comfort increased significantly (89.5%, p


emergency department, emergency medicine, patient safety, simulation, situational awareness



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