Publication Date



Molecular BIology of the Cell


Cells employ multiple systems to maintain homeostasis when experiencing environmental stress. For example, the folding of nascent polypeptides is exquisitely sensitive to proteotoxic stressors including heat, pH, and oxidative stress, and is safeguarded by a network of protein chaperones that concentrate potentially toxic misfolded proteins into transient assemblies to promote folding or degradation. The redox environment itself is buffered by both cytosolic and organellar thioredoxin and glutathione pathways. How these systems are linked is poorly understood. Here, we determine that specific disruption of the cytosolic thioredoxin system resulted in constitutive activation of the heat shock response in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and accumulation of the sequestrase Hsp42 into an exaggerated and persistent juxtanuclear quality control (JUNQ) compartment. Terminally misfolded proteins also accumulated in this compartment in thioredoxin reductase (TRR1)-deficient cells, despite apparently normal formation and dissolution of transient cytoplasmic quality control (CytoQ) bodies during heat shock. Notably, cells lacking TRR1 and HSP42 exhibited severe synthetic slow growth exacerbated by oxidative stress, signifying a critical role for Hsp42 under redox-challenged conditions. Finally, we demonstrated that Hsp42 localization patterns in trr1∆ cells mimic those observed in chronically aging and glucose-starved cells, linking nutrient depletion and redox imbalance with management of misfolded proteins via a process of long-term sequestration.


Heat-Shock Proteins, Oxidation-Reduction, Protein Folding, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Thioredoxins



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