Publication Date



Journal of Neural Engineering



High-frequency oscillations (HFOs) are considered a biomarker of the epileptogenic zone in intracranial EEG recordings. However, automated HFO detectors confound true oscillations with spurious events caused by the presence of artifacts.


We hypothesized that, unlike pseudo-HFOs with sharp transients or arbitrary shapes, real HFOs have a signal characteristic that can be represented using a small number of oscillatory bases. Based on this hypothesis using a sparse representation framework, this study introduces a new classification approach to distinguish true HFOs from the pseudo-events that mislead seizure onset zone (SOZ) localization. Moreover, we further classified the HFOs into ripples and fast ripples by introducing an adaptive reconstruction scheme using sparse representation. By visualizing the raw waveforms and time-frequency representation of events recorded from 16 patients, three experts labelled 6400 candidate events that passed an initial amplitude-threshold-based HFO detector. We formed a redundant analytical multiscale dictionary built from smooth oscillatory Gabor atoms and represented each event with orthogonal matching pursuit by using a small number of dictionary elements. We used the approximation error and residual signal at each iteration to extract features that can distinguish the HFOs from any type of artifact regardless of their corresponding source. We validated our model on sixteen subjects with thirty minutes of continuous interictal iEEG recording from each.

Main Results.

We showed that the accuracy of SOZ detection after applying our method was significantly improved. In particular, we achieved a 96.65% classification accuracy in labelled events and a 17.57% improvement in SOZ detection on continuous data. Our sparse representation framework can also distinguish between ripples and fast ripples.


We show that by using a sparse representation approach we can remove the pseudo-HFOs from the pool of events and improve the reliability of detected HFOs in large data sets and minimize manual artifact elimination.


Epilepsy, High-Frequency Oscillation, Orthogonal Matching Pursuit, Sparse representation, Pseudo-HFO

Included in

Neurology Commons



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