Publication Date



Neurology International


Ecchordosis physaliphora (EP) is a benign notochordal remnant, which is often an incidental finding; however, it can rarely present with neurological symptoms. We performed a systematic review of the literature for cases of symptomatic EP published in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase from January 1982 to May 2023. This is the largest review to date and revealed 60 cases including ours. Headache (55%) and CSF rhinorrhea (32%) were the most frequent clinical manifestations. The majority of symptomatic EP lesions were located in the prepontine region (77%) and required surgical resection (75%). EP should be considered in patients with neurologic symptoms in the setting of prepontine or posterior sphenoid sinus lesions. While symptomatic patients often require surgical intervention, rare cases may respond to oral corticosteroids.


ecchordosis physaliphora, notochord, chordoma, CNS

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