Publication Date



International Journal of Molecular Sciences


Microglia, the resident innate immune cells of the brain, become more highly reactive with aging and diseased conditions. In collaboration with other cell types in brains, microglia can contribute both to worsened outcome following stroke or other neurodegenerative diseases and to the recovery process by changing their phenotype toward reparative microglia. Recently, IFITM3 (a member of the "interferon-inducible transmembrane" family) has been revealed as a molecular mediator between amyloid pathology and neuroinflammation. Expression of IFITM3 in glial cells, especially microglia following stroke, is not well described. Here, we present evidence that ischemic stroke causes an increase in IFITM3 expression along with increased microglial activation marker genes in aged brains. To further validate the induction of IFITM3 in post-stroke brains, primary microglia and microglial-like cells were exposed to a variety of inflammatory conditions, which significantly induced IFITM3 as well as other inflammatory markers. These findings suggest the critical role of IFITM3 in inducing inflammation. Our findings on the expression of IFITM3 in microglia and in aged brains following stroke could establish the basic foundations for the role of IFITM3 in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, particularly those that are prevalent or enhanced in the aged brain.


Biomarkers, Brain, Humans, Interferons, Membrane Proteins, Microglia, Neurodegenerative Diseases, RNA-Binding Proteins, Stroke, gliosis, IFITM3, microglia, interferon, aging, pdMCAO

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