Publication Date



Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine


BACKGROUND: Polydactyly, particularly of the index finger, remains an intriguing anomaly for which no specific gene or locus has been definitively linked to this phenotype. In this study, we conducted an investigation of a three-generation family displaying index finger polydactyly.

METHODS: Exome sequencing was conducted on the patient, with a filtration to identify potential causal variation. Validation of the obtained variant was conducted by Sanger sequencing, encompassing all family members.

RESULTS: Exome analysis uncovered a novel heterozygous missense variant (c.1482A>T; p.Gln494His) at the zinc finger DNA-binding domain of the GLI3 protein within the proband and all affected family members. Remarkably, the variant was absent in unaffected individuals within the pedigree, underscoring its association with the polydactyly phenotype. Computational analyses revealed that GLI3 p.Gln494His impacts a residue that is highly conserved across species.

CONCLUSION: The GLI3 zinc finger DNA-binding region is an essential part of the Sonic hedgehog signaling pathway, orchestrating crucial aspects of embryonic development through the regulation of target gene expression. This novel finding not only contributes valuable insights into the molecular pathways governing polydactyly during embryonic development but also has the potential to enhance diagnostic and screening capabilities for this condition in clinical settings.


Humans, Zinc Finger Protein Gli3, Polydactyly, Mutation, Missense, Pedigree, Male, Female, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Zinc Fingers, Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors, Fingers, Heterozygote, Southeast Asian People

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