M Talke

Publication Date



Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology



Currently, it is unknown whether infectious prions are present in peripheral tissues and biological fluids of patients affected by sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (sCJD), the most common prion disorder in humans. This represents a potential risk for inter‐individual prion infection. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the presence of prions in urine of patients suffering from the major subtypes of sCJD.


Urine samples from sCJD patients spanning the six major subtypes were tested. As controls, we used urine samples from people affected by other neurological or neurodegenerative diseases as well as healthy controls. These samples were analyzed blinded. The presence of prions was detected by a modified version of the PMCA technology, specifically optimized for high sensitive detection of sCJD prions.


The PMCA assay was first optimized to detect low quantities of prions in diluted brain homogenates from patients affected by all subtypes of sCJD spiked into healthy urine. Twenty‐nine of the 81 patients affected by sCJD analyzed in this study were positive by PMCA testing, whereas none of the 160 controls showed any signal. These results indicate a 36% sensitivity and 100% specificity. The subtypes with the highest positivity rate were VV1 and VV2, which combined account for about 15–20% of all sCJD cases, and no detection was observed in MV1 and MM2.


Our findings indicate that potentially infectious prions are secreted in urine of some sCJD patients, suggesting a possible risk for inter‐individual transmission. Prion detection in urine might be used as a noninvasive preliminary screening test to detect sCJD.


Administration, Topical, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Child, Female, Humans, Injections, Intra-Articular, Knee Joint, Male, Middle Aged, Osteoarthritis, Triamcinolone Acetonide

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