Publication Date



Frontiers in Neurology


BACKGROUND: Systemic administration of marrow stromal cells

METHODS: Peripheral blood from stroke patients was collected at 5-7 days (

RESULTS: Our results show that there is a higher release of IFN-γ and IL-10 from monocytes isolated from peripheral blood at day 5-7 after stroke compared with monocytes from healthy controls. In trans-well co-cultures of MSCs and monocytes isolated from stroke patients, we found statistically significant increased levels of IL-4 and MCP-1, and decreased levels of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α. Addition of MSCs to monocytes increased the secretions of Fractalkine, IL-6, and MCP-1, while the secretions of TNF-α decreased, as compared to the secretions from monocytes alone. When MSCs were added to monocytes from stroke patients, they decreased the levels of IL-1β, and increased the levels of IL-10 significantly more as compared to when they were added to monocytes from control patients.

CONCLUSION: The systemic circulation of stroke patients may differentially interact with MSCs to release soluble factors integral to their paracrine mechanisms of benefit. Our study finds that the effect of MSCs on Mϕ is different on those derived from stroke patients blood as compared to healthy controls. These findings suggest immunomodulation of peripheral immune cells as a therapeutic target for MSCs in patients with acute stroke.


monocytes, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), stromal cells, stroke, secretome

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Neurology Commons



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