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Movement Disorders


BACKGROUND: Misfolded α-synuclein (αSyn) aggregates (αSyn-seeds) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are biomarkers for synucleinopathies such as Parkinson's disease (PD). αSyn-seeds have been detected in prodromal cases with isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD).

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of the αSyn-seed amplification assay (αS-SAA) in a comprehensively characterized cohort with a high proportion of PD and iRBD CSF samples collected at baseline.

METHODS: We used a high-throughput αS-SAA to analyze 233 blinded CSF samples from 206 participants of the DeNovo Parkinson Cohort (DeNoPa) (113 de novo PD, 64 healthy controls, 29 iRBD confirmed by video polysomnography). Results were compared with the final diagnosis, which was determined after up to 10 years of longitudinal clinical evaluations, including dopamine-transporter-single-photon emission computed tomography (DAT-SPECT) at baseline, CSF proteins, Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, and various cognitive and nonmotor scales.

RESULTS: αS-SAA detected αSyn-seeds in baseline PD-CSF with 98% accuracy. αSyn-seeds were detected in 93% of the iRBD cases. αS-SAA results showed higher agreement with the final than the initial diagnosis, as 14 patients were rediagnosed as non-αSyn aggregation disorder. For synucleinopathies, αS-SAA showed higher concordance with the final diagnosis than DAT-SPECT. Statistically significant correlations were found between assay parameters and disease progression.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm αS-SAA accuracy at the first clinical evaluation when a definite diagnosis is most consequential. αS-SAA conditions reported here are highly sensitive, enabling the detection of αSyn-seeds in CSF from iRBD just months after the first symptoms, suggesting that αSyn-seeds are present in the very early prodromal phase of synucleinopathies. Therefore, αSyn-seeds are clear risk markers for synuclein-related disorders, but not for time of phenoconversion. © 2023 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.


α-Synuclein, seed amplification assay, early Parkinson’s disease, RBD, CSF

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