Publication Date



American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology MFM


BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity complicates a high number of pregnancies. The degree to which neonatal outcomes are adversely affected is unclear.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate neonatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by maternal obesity.

STUDY DESIGN: This study was a secondary analysis of a cohort of deliveries occurring on randomly selected days at 25 hospitals from 2008 to 2011. Data were collected by certified abstractors. This analysis included singleton deliveries between 24 and 42 weeks of gestation. Body mass index was calculated on the basis of maternal height and most recent weight before delivery. Normal and overweight (reference group; body mass index, 18.5-29.9 kg/m

RESULTS: Overall, 52,162 patients and their neonates were included after propensity score matching. Of these, 21,704 (41.6%) were obese, 3787 (7.3%) were morbidly obese, and 590 (1.1%) were super morbidly obese. A total of 2103 neonates (4.0%) had the composite outcome. Neonates born to pregnant people with morbid obesity had a 33% increased risk of composite neonatal morbidity compared with those in the reference group (adjusted odds ratio, 1.33; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-1.52), but no significant association was observed for persons with obesity (adjusted odds ratio, 1.05; 95% confidence interval, 0.97-1.14) or with super morbid obesity (adjusted odds ratio, 1.18; 95% confidence interval, 0.86-1.64).

CONCLUSION: Compared with the reference group, gravidas with morbid obesity were at higher risk of composite neonatal morbidity.


Obesity, obesity in pregnancy, neonatal morbidity, neonatal mortality, BMI


PMID: 36690180



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