Publication Date



Current Rheumatology Reports


Purpose of Review

Janus kinase–signal transducers and activators of transcription cell signaling proteins (JAK-STATs) play a key regulatory role in functioning of several inflammatory cytokines. JAK-STAT signaling proteins are the key regulators of the cytokine/cytokine receptor system involved in the pathogenesis of various autoimmune disease including spondyloarthritis (SpA). This article mainly highlights the JAK-STAT signaling system, its association with the relevant cytokine/cytokine-receptor system, and its regulatory role in pathogenesis of SpA. Also, we have briefly addressed the principle for the use JAKi in SpA and the current status of use of JAK inhibitors (JAKi) in SpA.

Recent Findings

Recent developments with newer JAK molecules as well as other molecules beyond JAK inhibitors are now an exciting field for the development of novel therapies for autoimmune diseases and various malignant conditions. In this article, we have provided a special emphasis on how various cell signaling systems beyond JAK/STAT pathway are relevant to SpA and have provided a comprehensive review on this upcoming field in respect to the novel TYK2 inhibitors, RORγT inhibitors, mTOR inhibitors, NGF inhibitors, and various STAT kinase inhibitors.


SpA are a group of autoimmune diseases with multifactorial etiologies. SpA is linked with genetic predisposition, environmental risk factors, and the immune system-mediated systemic inflammation. Here, we have provided the regulatory role of JAK/STAT pathway and other intracellular signaling system in the pathogenesis of SpA and its therapeutic relevance.


SpA, JAK-STAT, Ankylosing spondylitis, Signaling molecules


PMID: 38492148



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