Publication Date



Journal of Investigative Medicine: High Impact Case Reports


The Von-Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene, acting as a tumor suppressor, plays a crucial role in the tumorigenesis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Approximately 90% of individuals with advanced ccRCC exhibit somatic mutations in the VHL gene. Belzutifan, orally administered small-molecule inhibitor of hypoxia-induced factor-2α, has demonstrated promising efficacy in solid tumors associated with germline loss-of-function mutations in VHL, including ccRCC. However, its impact on cases with somatic or sporadic VHL mutations remains unclear. Here, we present 2 cases where belzutifan monotherapy was employed in patients with advanced ccRCC and somatic loss-of-function mutations in VHL. Both patients exhibited a swift and sustained response, underscoring the potential role of belzutifan as a viable option in second or subsequent lines of therapy for individuals with somatic VHL mutations. Despite both patients experiencing a pulmonary crisis with respiratory compromise, their rapid response to belzutifan further emphasizes its potential utility in cases involving pulmonary or visceral crises. This report contributes valuable insights into the treatment landscape for advanced ccRCC with somatic VHL mutations.


Humans, Carcinoma, Renal Cell, Kidney Neoplasms, Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein, Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors, Mutation, Carcinoma, Indenes


PMID: 38344974

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