Publication Date



Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine


BACKGROUND: Successful return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) can be affected by a patient's physical and psychological state throughout the rehabilitation process.

PURPOSE: To prospectively compare differences in patients at 6 months after primary ACLR with the ACL-Return to Sport after Injury (ACL-RSI), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) or pediatric (Pedi)-IKDC, Hospital for Special Surgery Pediatric Functional Activity Brief Scale (Pedi-FABS), and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-Psychological Stress Experiences (PROMIS-PSE) scores.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study; Level of evidence, 2.

METHODS: Patients enrolled were 8 to 35 years old who underwent primary ACLR and had their 6-month follow-up appointments between December 2018 and March 2020. Patients were divided into 3 age groups as follows: (1) preadolescents (10-14 years); (2) adolescents (15-18 years); and (3) adults (>18 years). Outcomes on the ACL-RSI, IKDC/Pedi-IKDC, Pedi-FABS, and PROMIS-PSE were compared according to age group, graft type (hamstring, patellar tendon, quadriceps, or iliotibial band autograft), and sex.

RESULTS: A total of 176 patients (69 male, 107 female), with a mean age of 17.1 ± 3.1 years were included in the study. The mean ACL-RSI scores were significantly different among age groups (preadolescents, 75 ± 18.9; adolescents, 61.5 ± 20.4; and adults, 52.5 ± 19.8 [

CONCLUSION: This study suggests that psychological profiles and subjective perceptions of knee function 6 months after ACLR may vary in patients of different ages and between the sexes. Preadolescent patients had better scores on a majority of patient-reported outcomes compared with adolescent and adult patients.


anterior cruciate ligament, psychological readiness, return to play, return to sport, stress


PMID: 37332533

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