Long-term regulation of neuronal high-affinity glutamate and glutamine uptake in Aplysia.

Publication Date



Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 November 7; 97(23): 12858–12863


An increase in transmitter release accompanying long-term sensitization and facilitation occurs at the glutamatergic sensorimotor synapse of Aplysia. We report that a long-term increase in neuronal Glu uptake also accompanies long-term sensitization. Synaptosomes from pleural-pedal ganglia exhibited sodium-dependent, high-affinity Glu transport. Different treatments that induce long-term enhancement of the siphon-withdrawal reflex, or long-term synaptic facilitation increased Glu uptake. Moreover, 5-hydroxytryptamine, a treatment that induces long-term facilitation, also produced a long-term increase in Glu uptake in cultures of sensory neurons. The mechanism for the increase in uptake is an increase in the V(max) of transport. The long-term increase in Glu uptake appeared to be dependent on mRNA and protein synthesis, and transport through the Golgi, because 5,6-dichlorobenzimidazole riboside, emetine, and brefeldin A inhibited the increase in Glu uptake. Also, injection of emetine and 5,6-dichlorobenzimidazole into Aplysia prevented long-term sensitization. Synthesis of Glu itself may be regulated during long-term sensitization because the same treatments that produced an increase in Glu uptake also produced a parallel increase in Gln uptake. These results suggest that coordinated regulation of a number of different processes may be required to establish or maintain long-term synaptic facilitation.


Animals, Aplysia, Carrier Proteins, Glutamic Acid, Glutamine, Neurons, Time Factors