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A 74-year-old man presented to the ER with an eight-month history of shortness of breath, cough, anorexia, and weight loss. He had emigrated from sub-Saharan African to the USA, where he was diagnosed and treated for coronary artery disease, heart failure, and stroke; was hospitalized several times; and underwent hernia surgery. Despite the complex care that he received in the USA for many years, the diagnosis of AIDS was continually missed for years, and the patient was eventually diagnosed at the age of 74.


aids; diagnostic momentum; diagnostic parsimony; hicham’s dictum.; hiv; limited english proficiency; occam’s razor; pneumocystis pneumonia



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