Publication Date



Scientific Reports


Cardiac hypertrophy often causes impairment of cardiac function. Xenon (Xe), a naturally occurring noble gas, is known to provide neurological and myocardial protection without side effects. The conventional method of Xe delivery by inhalation is not feasible on a chronic basis. We have developed an orally deliverable, effective Xe formulation for long-term administration. We employed 2-hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD), which was dissolved in water to increase the Xe concentration in solution. The beneficial effects of long-term oral administration of Xe-enriched solutions on cardiovascular function were evaluated in vivo. HPCD increased Xe solubility from 0.22 mM to 0.67 mM (3.8-fold). Aged ApoE knockout mice fed high-fat diet for 6 weeks developed hypertension, and myocardial hypertrophy with impaired cardiac function. Oral Xe prevented this ischemic damage, preserving normal blood pressure, while maintaining normal left ventricular mass and wall thickness. This novel formulation allows for gastrointestinal delivery and cardiovascular stabilization.


2-Hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, Administration, Oral, Animals, Apolipoproteins E, Blood Pressure, Cardiotonic Agents, Cardiovascular System, Heart, Hypertension, Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular, Male, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Solubility, Solutions, Xenon



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